NAJAF AL ASHRAF
NAJAF is the city where the shrine of Imam Ali (as) is located. Prophet Adam and Nuh a.s. are also buried in the vicinity.
The pilgrim should fully realize that Imam Ali (as) occupies the highest position next only to the Prophet (s) in the excellence and nobility of virtues.
He is the most superior in the creation compare to everyone else.
He is the gateway to the city of knowledge, BABU MADINATIL ILM
He is the most just judge after the Prophet (s)
He is the most knowledgeable one.
He is the bravest one.
He is the most kind, loving Imam.
Even amongst the Imams of Ahlul Bayt (as) he occupies the most superior position, therefore it behooves the pilgrims of the maximum opportunity as he enters the holy precincts and sanctuary of the Shrine of the Imam.
It is from here that the pilgrim should gain maximum benefit of the Grace of Allah (swt) and spirituality.
One should also not loose the opportunity to visit the graves of the ULAMA who are buried in the vicinity, like Allama Hilli, Muqaddas Ardabili, & recently the grand Ayatullah al-Khui (ra). A little away from the Shrine is the grave of Sayyed Muhsin al-Hakim.
Across the road from the Rauza is the Madressa of Shaykh Toosi (a.r), the founder of the Hawza of Najaf and the author of 2 of our 4 basic books of Ahadith (Al-istibsar and Tehdheebul Ehkam). Shaykh is buried in his Madressa.
According to a hadith, whoever comes to the Shrine of Imam Ali (a.s) and offers 2 or 4 raka’a salaat, and then prays to Allah (swt) to remove all the problems or worries, surely his prayers and supplication are answered.
According to Allama Majlisi (ra), the ziyarat which is famously known as ZIYARAT-E-AMINULLAH, is the most reliable, authentic ziyarat, which therefore is highly suitable to be recited in the shrine of Imam Ali(as) and of all other Imams.
According to a hadith of Imam Baqir a.s. whoever among our Shia recites this ziyarat and the dua at the Shrine of Amirul Mumineen a.s. and the Shrines of other Imams (as), then God would envelop this ziyarat and this dua in NUR and send it with the seal of the Holy Prophet (s) and elevate it to the spiritual realm, preserve it till the time of the 12th Imam a.s. to whom it will then be entrusted who would then receive that person with greetings, with glad tidings and with honor. Hence this ziyarat occupies a very high status.
One should take care that the ziarat should be recited sincerely i.e. from the core of one’s heart, one should beseech and implore, beg and ask, not just speak of words whose meanings one is not aware of.
WADIUS SALAAM – NAJAF
In Najaf city is located an extensive grave yard popularly known as Wadi us salaam in which are buried many virtuous believers including the Prophets Hud and Saleh (as).
(a) Rauza of Prophet Hood (a.s): The people of his time were very rich and due to their wealth they were very powerful, but worshipped idols. Prophet Hood (a.s.) repeatedly warned them to give up worshipping the idols and to turn towards one God but they did not listen. Allah (S.W.T.) punished them and they were all killed except Prophet Hood (a.s.) and a few believers.
(b) Rauza of Prophet Saleh (a.s): He was sent to the people of Thamood. As a miracle, a she camel was made to come out of a mountain. The people were warned against killing her, but they killed her. Thus they were destroyed by fire and earthquake.
(c) Maqam e Saheb ul Asr (a.f.t.s): It is said that he (a.f.t.s) visits this place.
(d) Makam e Imam Ja’far as Sadiq (a.s).
(e) The Grave of Shaheed Ayatullah Baqir as-Sadr (a.r).
(f) Musalla of Hazrat Imam Zainul Abedeen (a.s.)
It is recommended that the pilgrim visit the graveyard and offer prayers & salutations to the departed souls.
According to hadith of Imam Musa ibn Ja’far (as) says, whoever amongst our Shias cannot come to visit our grave and instead goes to visit of the virtuous people from our Shias then you will get the same sawab and reward as like visiting us, and the hadith continues to say: and whosoever cannot come and do good to us instead goes and does good to the virtuous people amongst our Shias will get the same sawab and reward of doing good towards us.
Near the grave it is recommended to put ones hand on the grave and recite surah Inna Anzalna 7 times.
At these places the pilgrim ought to remind themselves of what God says: “MINHA KHALAQNAQUM WA FIHAA NUEEDUQUM WA MINHA NUKHRIJUKUM TARATAL UKHRA“ – We have created you from dust will return back to dust and We will resurrect from dust.
Main sites to visit.
Mehrabe Ebadat when Imam Ali (a.s.) was martyred.
Court Room of Imam Ali (a.s.).
Rauza of Hazrat Muslim ibn Aqil (a.s.) – cousin of Imam Hussein (a.s.).
Rauza of Hazrat Mukhtar (a.r.)
Rauza of Hani ibn Urwa (a.r.)
Musallas of several Prophets.
Tannoor from when Toofane Nuh (a.s.) started.
Masjid al-Kufa occupies very high position in the Islamic perspective. There is a hadith which says that it is one of those FOUR chosen Mosques. The Prophet (s) has said: That the surah of TEEN refers to the Mosque of Kufa.
Wateeni Wazaituni wa Turi Seeneena, Wa Hadhal baladil Ameen, Teen refers to Madina.
Zaitun refers to Baitul Muqaddas in Jerusalam
Turi si neen – Refers to Kufa
And Hadhal Baladil Ameen – Refers to Macca
It is one of those mosques, where if a person prays a wajib namaz he gets the sawab of 1 accepted Hajj. And it is equivalent to a thousand rakah of salaah prayed elsewhere. If one prays one mustahab salaah, he gets the sawab of one accepted FULL UMRAH.
It is the place where a person has a choice of praying either Qasr or Full Namaz.
It is a place where according to riwayat most of the Prophets, more than a thousand and seventy Prophets and their successors have prayed.
It is the place where 12th Imam after reappearance will come and pray.
We are told that if people were to know all the excellences and the virtues of this mosque then they would come there even crawling.
It is reported to be a portion from the garden of the Heaven.
Even to sit there without making any dhikr or reciting any Quran, one gets the sawab of Ibadah.
It is the place where the Prophet Nuh constructed his boat.
Once arriving in the Masjid after entering there are several spots where it is recommended to go and pray salat and make dua for ones desires.
-The 1st place is Maqame Ibrahim (as) where one should pray salat & make tasbih & recite a ziyarat, praising the Prophets, greetings the Prophets and then declaring ones love and obedience for the Imams.
-Next is Dakkatul Qadha – The court room of Imam Ali (as) where there used to be the Ayah “Innallaha yamuru bil adli wal ehsaan”, here one is recommended to pray salah and make tasbih of Fatima Zahra (as) and make dua for ones hajah.
-Next is the maqam of Baitut Tasht – Where Imam Ali (as) is reported to have passed the famous historical judgement, It is related that while a girl was bathing, a leech entered her womb. It sucked her blood and became so fat that people suspected this unmarried girl to be pregnant. When the case was brought before Ameerul Mu’mineen (a.s.) he instructed her to sit in a large bowl (Tasht) of black mud. Smelling the mud, the leech came out of the girl’s womb. We have to pray salah there and make tasbih, and make dua for hajah.
-Next one is to proceed towards the centre of the mosque, and this place is also known as Dakkatul Me’raj. Even the Holy Prophet during his ascension from Macca on his way to Jerusalem passed over here, Gabriel showed him this place, he requested for permission to stop over and he prayed salah here.
-Next is Maqame Adam (as) where it is reported that Hazrat Adam got the taufiq to make tauba, it is reported that every day 60,000 angels descend here and pray salah. Imam Ali(as) also used to pray at this mosque.
-Next is Maqame Jibraeel, here one is recommended to pray salah & make dua of ones hajah.
-Next is Maqame Imam Zainul Abideen (as), where one is recommended to pray Salah, make tasbih of Zahra, and to make dua for Hajat.
-Next is Babul Faraj which is known as Maqame Nuh, where one has to pray salah, tasbih Zahra & dua for the Hajat.
The historical significance for Masjid al-Kufa behooves all the pilgrims to remember that all the Prophets have come here and prayed salah and therefore when one offers salah at different spots one should try to gain the spirituality of those Prophets and therefore pray slowly with sincerity with concentration with feelings of humility, with feelings of lowliness in front of God in realization of HIS greatness.
Furthermore as one recites the dua and as is promised that these duas of hajat will be accepted one should try to fulfill the conditions of making Dua, which is to pray with concentration and sincerity to God alone and try to remove all kinds and source of distractions from one’s mind.
Finally as one recites the ziyarats at various spots, one sends greeting to the past Prophets, one also declares the WILAYA to the Imams and announces ones love & obedience to them.
-And finally is the Mihrab of Amirul Mumineen (a) – Where the final death blow was struck by the sword of Ibn Muljim (la) on the head of Imam Ali (as).
It is recommended to recite salah here, make dua, tasbih al-Zahra (as) and the munajaat.
-Adjacent to Masjid e Kufa the Za’er then proceeds to the ziyarat of Muslim Ibn Aqil (as) who was the ambassador of Imam Husain (as) at Kufa in order to assess
the situation of Kufa before Imam enters.
-Next the Zaeer should proceed to the Ziyarat of Mukhtar bin Ubaydullah ath-Thaqafi, who was a Shia of Imam Husain(as) but unfortunately during the period of the massacre at Karbala was imprisoned in the dungeons of Ibn-e-Ziyad in Kufa.
Later on when they were released and he realized of the heinous atrocities committed by Ibn Ziyad and his commanders, Mukhtar organises an army and chased and pursued as many perpetrators of the massacre of Karbala and brought them to justice.
Overall this movement did receive the approval of the Imam and therefore the Za’er should offer his greetings and salutations to this supporter and helper of the cause of the Ahlulbayt a.s.
-Next the Za’er then proceeds to the ziyarat of Hani Bin Urwah al-Muraadi, who was a Shia of Imam Husain (as) in Kufa.
Who supported the ambassador of Imam Husain (as) Hazrat Muslim Ibn Aqil (as).
And due to this support he was martyred by Ibn Ziyad
Ziyarat of Hazrat Kumayl Bin Ziyad an-Nakhaee, who was one of the closest companion of Imam Ali (as).To whom Imam taught special secrets including the secrets of the nafs and its reality, and he also taught him the dua of Khidhr which is famously known as dua e Kumayl. Imam (a.s.) had also told him that in last era, his Rauza will be surrounded by houses bearing `Antenna’, a sign of Shaitan. When Hajjaj bin Yusuf Thaqafi started hunting down the companions and shia of Ali (a.s), Hazrat Kumail went into hiding. In order to flush him out, Hajjaj started persecuting the family and tribe of Hazrat Kumail. When Hazrat Kumail surrendered himself, Hajjaj had him beheaded.
Hazrat Rushayd Hajari (Maitham):
Hazrat Rushayd (a.r) was a companion of Imam Ali (a.s). Imam Ali (a.s) had pointed out to him the palm tree on which he would be crucified. When Maytham was arrested, he told Ubaidullah bin Ziyad that Imam (a.s.) had foretold that his (Maytham’s) hands, feet & tongue would be cut. In order to prove Imam wrong, Ubaidullah ordered his hands and feet cut, while sparing his tongue. Thus when his hands and feet were cut and he was taken out of the palace, he started relating to the people the events which were to happen till Qayamat and praised Imam Ali (as). Thus Ubaidullah was forced to have his tongue cut off. He died that same night.
House of Imam Ali (a.s.)
Behind Masjid-e-Kufa is Bayt Ali (a.s). Inside the house there is a place where Imam Ali (a.s.) lay on his deathbed in the presence of his family members. There is also a room where it is said that Imam Ali (a.s.) was given Ghusl, and a well from which water for his Ghusl is supposed to have come.
Rauza of Janabe Khadijatul Sughra binti Imam Ali (a.s.) – outside Masjide Kufa – the sister of Hazrat Abbas (a.s). It is just across the road from Bab e Feel.
Rauza of Prophet Yunus (a.s.) – near the river.
On the way to Imam’s house from Masjide Kufa are the foundations of Darul Amara (the Palace of the Governors of kufa). It was demolished on the orders of Abdul Malik bin Marwan. When Abdul Malik was seated on the throne, the head of Mo’sab bin Zubair(s/o Zubair of the Zubair-Talha pair) was brought before him, in a plate. Seeing this, a man in the Court said: I saw that Ubaidullah bin Ziyad was seated here and the head of Imam Husein (a.s) was brought before him, then Mukhtar was seated here and the head of Ubaidullah was brought before him, then Mo’sab bin Zubair was seated here and the head of Mukhtar was brought before him, Now you are seated here and Mo’sab’s head is before you. Hearing this Abdulmalik got so scared that he ordered the Darul Amara to be demolished.
Rauza of Janabe Maitham e Tammar: He was a Persian and a close companion & business partner( running a date shop) of Imam Ali (a.s.). Imam showed him the palm tree on which he would be hanged, thus he took special care of the tree. He and Mukhtar Thaqafi were imprisoned together. He told Mukhtar: You will be set free and will avenge the blood of Imam Hussain (a.s) and kill those who will kill us.
It is said that a wealthy businessman came to Najaf with his son who had blood cancer. He visited Imam Ali’s (a.s) Rauza in Najaf and pledged that if his son is cured then he will get any kind of work to be done at the Imam’s Rauza. With the blessings of Allah (S.W.T) and the Dua of Imam Ali (a.s), his son recovered completely. So he asked the Mutawallis if there is any work that has to be done or completed at the Imam’s Rauza. At night the Mutawalli dreamt that Imam Ali (a.s.) told him that do not do any work in my Rauza, but instead, build the Rauza of Maytham’s properly because it is in very bad shape. So the work was done on Maytham’s Rauza.
SKETCH OF MASJID-E-KUFA
1. Main Entrance 10. Maqam-e-Jibraeel
2. Maqam-e-Hazrat Ibrahim (as) 11. Maqam-e-Imam Jafer Sadiq (as)
3. Maqam-e-Hazrat Khizer (as) 12. Maqam-e-Hazrat Zainul Abideen (as)
4. Place of Miracle 13. Maqam-e-Hazrat Nuh (as)
5. Court of Hazrat Ali (as) 14. Shahadat Place of Imam Ali (as)
6. Well of Hazrat Nuh (as) 15. Night Prayers place of Imam Ali (as)
7. Entrance to the well 16. Rauza of Hazrat Muslim bin Aqeel (as)
8. Maqam-e-Hazrat Muhammad (s) 17. Mazaar of Hazrat Mukhtar (ar)
9. Maqam-e-Hazrat Adam (as) 18.Mazaar of Hazrat Hani ibne Urwa (ar)
This Masjid is between Kufa and Najaf. The fazilat of this Masjid is that when Imam Hasan (a.s.) and Imam Hussein (a.s.) together with other Mu’mineen carrying the `Janaza’ of Hazrat Imam Ali (a.s) from Kufa to Najaf, they passed near this Masjid. At that time, the pillars of this Masjid inclined for ‘Ta’azim’.
This is not surprising according to the Qur’anic teachings because we are taught the elements and the particles of the universe have a life of their own whereby they are aware of the events happening and also they have the capacity to respond to these events as has reported that the pebbles in the hands of the Prophet (s) had recited the Tasbih.
It is narrated that Hannan used to be a Church. After Imam Hussain (a.s) was martyred, and the caravan of prisoners of Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) and the holy heads of the Shuhada passed by this church, the priest noticed that the face of Imam Hussein (a.s) was radiating Noor. He requested to be allowed to keep the head for one night. He addressed the head “who are you?” and the head replied I am Hussein Bin Ali (a.s.) and my grandfather is Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.w.). Banu Umayya killed me in Kerbala. The priest was moved with the reply and he immediately accepted Islam.
According to riwayat: historically it has been the house of various Prophets.
Including the Prophet Idrees (as), Prophet Ibrahim (as), Prophet Khidhr (as).
Its the place from which the place Dawud (as) preceded fight against Jalut.
Imam Sadiq (as) has reported to have said that: “The 12th Imam when he makes the appearance will come to this mosque with his family and make it as his residence.”
In the past all the Prophets have prayed here. It is reported that whoever stays in this mosque will get the sawab of staying in the tent of Holy Prophet (s). It is a mosque according to riwaya, towards which every momin’s heart is naturally attracted to. It contains a stone which stores the images of all the Prophets.
-Whoever prays here, with a sincere heart surely Allah will accept his / her prayer.
-Whoever comes here to seek security, whatever fear he / she has, will be granted that security.
-In this mosque it is reported that angels descend and ascend in their thousands.
-Especially if a person is grief stricken and comes on Tuesday night and makes dua between Maghrib and Isha, his / her grief will be removed.
-Whoever has any sort of hajat, if he comes to this mosque and prays that hajat will be fulfilled.
-It is recommended to recite dua e tawassul on Tuesday night at Masjid e Sahla
SKETCH OF MASJID-E-SAHLA
1. General entrance 6. Maqam-e-Hazrat Idrees (as)
2. Place for Wuzu 7. Maqam-e-Hazrat Khizer (as)
3. Main Entrance 8. Maqam-e-Imam Zainul Abideen (as)
4. Maqam-e-Saleheen 9. Maqam-e-Imam Jafer Sadiq (as)
5. Maqam-e-Hazrat Ibraheem (as) 10. Maqam-e-Imam Hujjat (atfs)
Masjid e Sa’sa bin Sauhan (a.r):
It is located at the southwest part of Masjide Sahla. A special companion of Ameerul Mo’mineen (a.s.). Imam had praised his oratory, calling him Khatib e Shahshah. Imam also praised him for simple living, still giving great assistance. Was present at the burial of Imam, and recited a Majlis for Imam after the burial. Thus he was the first Majlis reciter for Ameerul momineen (a.s.), with an esteemed audience of Hasnayn (a.s). It is reported that Imam e Zamana (a.t.f.s.) has been seen at this Mosque. It is believed that the head of Imam Hussein (a.s.) was kept here when the heads of the Shohada and the prisoners were going from Kerbala to Damascus via Kufa.
Masjide Zaid bin Sauhan(a.r): A special companion of Ameerul Mo’mineen, martyred in the battle of Jamal.